Mar 23, 2019
PTA 156 Physical Rehabilitation II7 credits
Therapeutic interventions and data collection skills for patients with neurologic conditions. Review of structure and function of the nervous system and common neurologic and neuromuscular disorders.
Prerequisites: PTA 126 , PTA 135 , PTA 145 , and PTA 155
Corequisites: PTA 136 and PTA 146
Quarters Offered: Spring
Upon successful completion of this course students will be able to:
- Identify significant structures and functions of the structures in the nervous system
- Identify causes and mechanisms of common neurologic and neuromuscular disorders.
- List complications associated with common neurologic and neuromuscular disorders.
- Describe the roles and responsibilities of health care providers involved in the care of patients with common neurologic and neuromuscular disorders.
- Relate motor control and motor learning theories to therapeutic interventions for patients with common neurologic and neuromuscular disorders.
- Explain the use of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation patterns and techniques
- Describe sensory systems associated with balance control and coordination
- Identify motor strategies used for balance control
- Identify and integrate appropriate evidence-based resources to support clinical decision-making for progression of the patient within the plan of care established by the PT
- Implement selected components of interventions for patients with common neurologic and neuromuscular disorders identified in the plan of care established by the physical therapist including:
- Functional training
- Gait and locomotion training
- Balance and coordination training
- Posture awareness training
- Neuromotor development training
- Strength training
- Passive range of motion
- Integumentary protection techniques
- Wheelchair propulsion programs for conditioning
- Application & adjustment of devices and equipment
- Perform components of data collection skills essential for carrying out the plan of care established by the physical therapist including:
- Arousal, attention, and cognition
- Environmental barriers, self-care and home management
- Gait, locomotion, and balance
- Posture and body mechanics
- Muscle function including changes in muscle tone and strength
- Joint integrity and mobility
- Pain and integumentary integrity
- Sensory response
- Vital signs
- Assistive, adaptive, orthotic, protective and supportive devices
- When providing interventions and associated data collection techniques:
- Display professional behaviors consistent with the expectations of the physical therapy profession
- Protect patient modesty, privacy, and dignity
- Apply current physical therapy knowledge, theory and clinical judgement
- Consider the patient/client perspective and treatment environment.
- Provide clear instructions, apply principles of learning, and use a variety of teaching strategies when educating patients, caregivers, and other members of the health care team as directed by the supervising physical therapist
- Explain the rationale for selected interventions to achieve patient goals as identified in the plan of care
- Review health records prior to carrying out the plan of care.
- Monitor and adjust interventions within the plan of care in response to patient/client status and clinical indications
- Report any changes in patient status or progress to the supervising physical therapist
- Identify indications, contraindications, precautions and safety considerations for the patient and determine if the treatment intervention is appropriate
- Determine when a directed intervention is either beyond the scope of work or personal scope of work of a physical therapist assistant
- Identify relevant information to communicate to the physical therapist for the discharge planning process
- Recognize activities, positioning and posture that aggravate or relieve pain
- Complete documentation which is accurate, legible and follows appropriate guidelines and format regulations
- Prepare and maintain a safe working environment
- Handle patients using safe techniques and appropriate body mechanics
- Select relevant information for documentation and billing purposes
- As appropriate to the PTA, maintain and use physical therapy equipment safely and effectively
- Provide patient centered care